XD140-4MW

XD140-4MW

XD140-4MW

The XD140 onshore 4MW turbine is derived from the offshore dedicated XD115 model. With a larger rotor diameter and designed for lower average wind speeds (compared to its predecessor), this turbine brings the benefits of the XD115 design to the onshore locations. The focus remains on fast installation and low maintenance. Hub heights can go from 100m up to 140m.

Description
Technical specifications
Financing

The XD137 is a wind turbine with a nominal power of 4 MW and a three bladed rotor with a diameter of 137 meters. The turbine design is derived from the XD115 offshore dedicated wind turbine generator. The turbine is designed according to IEC 61400-1 for a wind class IIA.

Supply chain management

Darwind uses the philosophy of horizontal integration what means all manufacturing is outsourced and we only assemble and test before sending the turbine to site. All design work however is done in house and in conjunction with strategic suppliers for components such as blades, bearings, hydraulic systems, towers and pitch system. In this sense we are a system integrator although the majority of the components are of exclusive design.   

Patents

All intellectual property rights of the XD115 turbine are vested in XEMC Darwind B.V. (Netherlands). To date no license rights have been granted to third parties. To protect XEMC Darwind’s unique position over 20 patents are pending.   

XEMC Wind turbine technologies

XEMC turbines are based upon the single bearing, direct drive, and permanent magnet principle.   

XD115   

XD115   

Structural design   

Use is made of a single multiple row roller bearing on which the hub is mounted on one side and generator carrier and –rotor on the other side. The stator is mounted on the opposite side of the carrier which in turn is mounted on a compact casted nacelle frame. The advantage of this design is the relative big diameter the load path follows, contrary to the traditional designs with a main shaft. Hence considerable weight reduction is achieved.   

Light weight

Innovative design and new materials have resulted in an easy to install, large, lightweight turbines.   

Direct Drive

Our product platform is based on the direct drive principle, thereby dispensing of the need for gearboxes. Gearboxes pose a significant problem for offshore wind turbines because the torque of multi-megawatt wind turbines is enormous. In contrast, gearless turbines require less maintenance, are more reliable and therefore boast higher operating availability.

The rotor speed during power production is variable. The matching between the available aerodynamic torque and the produced electromechanical torque of the generator is determining the rotor speed. No use of a gearbox is made. The torque-speed curve is programmed in the frequency converter controller and the inverter is adapting the generator stator current in response to the measured generator power frequency.   

Single main bearing & generator in one

The XEMC Darwind XD and XE platform is based on the single main bearing concept. The bearing has a large diameter that enables it to bear the enormous force of the rotor: there is no central shaft. The bearing component is integrated into the generator and is possible because the turbine uses direct-drive technology. This innovative design not only creates a compact and lightweight permanent magnet direct-drive generator; it also results in significant savings in logistics, foundation and support structure costs.   

Fully sealed

The tower and nacelle of the turbine are fully sealed to keep out the salty and moist sea air. This protects our valuable components, increases operational availability and saves a great deal of maintenance.   

Permanent magnet

Coil driven generators make use of electrical excited magnets. XEMC’s Permanent Magnetic systems are lighter/compacter, more efficient and require less copper than Coil Driven generators. As no additional electricity is required to magnetise the rotor coils, there is no need for generator `brushes` to transfer this electricity. This increases both efficiency and reliability because the rotating part of the generator contains no electrical systems.   

Full power conversion

The AC-DC-AC converter, located in the bottom tower section, allows the generator to operate with a variable speed while the power is fed into the grid with a constant frequency of 50 Hz (or 60 Hz for the countries where this applies). It furthermore assures an average constant power output for wind speeds above rated. The power factor at the grid side is controllable at standstill as well as in operating mode. Above rated wind speed, the blade pitch control maintains a more or less constant rotor speed between admitted boundaries.   

Grid code flexibility / grid code compliance

XEMC wind turbines have a pitch-controlled variable speed rotor and a full power converter, capable of meeting the requirements of the most demanding grid codes, e.g. with respect to reactive power.

Albatros project

  • On the 23rd of February 2012 XEMC Darwind signed a contract for the delivery and installation of 10 XD115 5MW wind turbines with Windkraft FiT GmbH, a joint venture between project developers Norderland GmbH and Strabag A.G. Value of the contract is Euro 75 million.
  • The contract is a straightforward Turbine Supply Agreement with a payment schedule according to work progress and a down payment.
  • This offshore project is called Albatros 1 and forms part of a larger and other concessions by the project developer.
  • Reasons for choosing Darwind as the supplier can be summarised as follows: 
    - Project developer evaluated XD115 as ‘best value for money’ 
    - Transparency of Darwind’s offer and openness of technical & commercial discussions i.e. negotiations 
    - Parent company XEMC Windpower, backed by the XEMC Group, signed-up for the liabilities associated with the contract

Albatros project financing

The Albatros project contract is to be seen as an exception to the rule where Windkraft FiT also took on the role of project financer. In this case Strabag had an additional incentive to choose for the XD115 as the wind turbine perfectly fits the envisaged concrete foundation developed by one of Strabag’s divisions, Strabag Offshore Wind GmbH.

Technical and financial risks associated with offshore wind are considerably higher than those associated with onshore wind. Nevertheless in both cases a project developer most often needs to turn to financing institutions to reach financial close. Financing institutions in general co-finance wind projects up to a maximum of 70%-80%. For obvious reasons reaching financial close for onshore projects takes considerably shorter than for offshore projects. 

Bankability

XEMC Darwind faces the hurdle that for its product portfolio there is little European track record available. However, this is overcome as:

  • The XD115 has received its Provisional Type certificate and therefore in principle is bankable. In addition insurers are willing to insure the XD115 to LEG3 levels.
  • From revenues generated by the operational XD115 in the Wieringermeer together with parent company guarantees, sufficient collateral and securities are provided. Certainly in cases of (smaller) onshore projects.
  • Performance of the XD115 can be demonstrated to be as if it were a commercial seriesbuilt wind turbine.
  • Technology used for the Darwind portfolio of products is the same as for the since 2006 already installed 1500 units of 2MW and 2.5MW XE Series in China (XEMC Windpower)
  • Technological track record is therefore considerable and in Europe unequalled for DD PMG turbines.
  • Contacted banks in the Netherlands have shown their interest in co-financing onshore wind projects incorporating a Darwind wind turbine.
  • Via its parent company Darwind has direct access to Chinese banks showing an appetite to co-finance wind projects in the Western world.
  • Once projects are realised and track record further established, bankability of Darwind turbines becomes more robust and bigger projects will be taken on.
Offshore windturbines
Offshore windturbines
XD115 5MW Direct drive windturbine

This is Darwind's offshore dedicated 5MW direct drive wind turbine with a rotor diameter of 115m.

XE128 5MW Direct drive windturbine

Darwind's offshore dedicated 5MW wind turbine with a rotor diameter of 128m for medium wind speed sites

Onshore Windturbines
Onshore Windturbines
XD137-4MW Direct drive windturbine

With a 137m rotor and 4MW nominal output the XD137 is Darwind's choice for medium windspeed locations.

XE93-2MW Direct drive windturbine

The XE93 is ideal for low wind speed locations. Its sealed design makes it optimal in even the harshest environments.

Innovation
Innovation
Current in-house develoments

Find out what our innovations are, what Darwind has developed and is currently working on.